PsychVideoCapture – Video capture support
Psychtoolbox has built-in Screen subfunctions that allow you to control
and use standard and professional video capture equipment to capture live
video from a camera or other supported video source in real-time with low
This is useful for studies on (manipulated) visual feedback, e.g.,
action-perception studies, as well as for future applications like vision
The M-Files in this folder use the Screen - Low-level functions to
provide more convenient high-level access to standard video capture
tasks, e.g., setup of the camera or a video feedback loop with low and
The functions are well tested and known to work perfectly on Linux.
Support on MacOS-X and Windows is not always as feature rich, flexible
and mature as on Linux. Especially, the OS-X and Windows versions are not
as extensively tested. Some of the functions here are work in progress,
useful, but not finished.
Screen() supports two separate built-in videocapture engines for
PROFESSIONAL CLASS ENGINE FOR DEMANDING APPLICATIONS:
For demanding pro-applications that require precise low-level control
over your camera’s features and capture parameters, high capture
framerates, image resolutions, color depths and processing efficiency,
low-latency, high timing precision and high capture timestamp precision,
Screen implements a firewire videocapture engine which is based on the
free-software and open-source cross-platform library “libdc1394”. This
engine supports professional IEEE-1394 machine vision cameras conforming
to the IIDC 1.0 machine vision camera specification. These can be
connected via IEEE-1394 firewire bus, or for some special examplars also
via high-performance USB bus via “Firewire-over-USB” protocol. This
high-perf capture engine is selected as default via the following Screen
Alternatively you can select it on a case-by-case basis by passing the
value 1 as optional ‘engineID’ parameter for the
Screen(‘OpenVideocapture’, …); command.
See http://damien.douxchamps.net/ieee1394/libdc1394/\ for information
about the libdc1394 library, forums and links to the IIDC-Spec.
A list of supported firewire pro-cameras can be found here:
The firewire engine is currently supported on Linux, where it was
originally developed, extensively tested and used, and on MacOSX, where
it received some light testing and use. Therefore, the Linux version is
the most mature and well-tested one. It allows very convenient and
fine-grained control over many aspects and settings of the cameras, it
reliably can drive multiple cameras in parallel (tested with two cameras)
and it has excellent timing, very low capture latency and highly accurate
built-in timestamping code. The reported timestamps are accurate to a few
You will need Linux kernel 2.4.21 or later or Linux 2.6.16 or later for
best performance, but these are part of any recent distribution.
All IIDC compliant cameras should work. For the Basler A602f greyscale
high performance camera, the Basler A312fc, and the cheap and good
Unibrain Fire-i camera, the PsychCamSettings - Tool provides especially
convenient access to the camera settings.
You can find additional setup instructions for the libdc1394 engine in
‘help VideoCaptureDC1394’. Executing VideoCaptureDC1394 on OSX will
install the runtime library for you.
CONSUMER LEVEL ENGINE FOR LESS STRINGENT REQUIREMENTS:
This engine is targeted at standard consumer class video capture and
video digitizer equipment, e.g., built-in cameras of Laptop computers,
USB or Firewire connected “webcams”, DV camcorders, standard video
converters and receivers etc. Quality of feature control, efficiency,
attainable framerates and resolutions, precision of timing or capture
timestamps and other properties vary on a model-by-model,
vendor-by-vendor, operating-system-by-operating-system basis. While some
relatively cheap cameras work very well on some operating systems, e.g.,
the “Sony PlayStation Eye” USB web-camera, no guarantess can be made
about the performance or quality of any specific camera.
We use [GStreamer](GStreamer’s built-in videocapture functionality by default (see
“help [GStreamer](GStreamer)”). This is highly reliable and feature rich on Linux,
somewhat less feature rich and reliable but still decent on Windows and
OSX – highly dependent on the version of Windows you are using. The
engine should support most commercially available consumer level cameras
for firewire, USB, PCI and other busses, basically any camera for which
the operating system and [GStreamer](GStreamer) provide a device driver.
Contents of this folder:
libdc1394.22.dylib - The runtime library for the libdc1394 firewire video
capture engine for 64-Bit MacOS/X. For installation
into the /usr/local/lib/ system folder of your
machine. Source code for this LGPL-v2+ licensed
library can be found in the PTB source distribution
(“help UseTheSource”) in the following subfolder:
PsychCamSettings - Function for programmatically querying and setting
camera parameters like exposure time, gain, brightness
color saturation and such. Can also estimate the
internal latency of the camera for known models,
currently Basler A602f, A312fc and Unibrain Fire.i
PsychGetCamIdForSpec - Return deviceIndex of a specified camera.
PsychSetupCamera - Interactive tool for setting up a camera and writing
the final settings into a .mat file for later use
by experiment scripts.