[event, nremaining] = KbEventGet([deviceIndex][, maxWaitTimeSecs=0])

Return oldest pending event, if any, in return argument ‘event’, and the
remaining number of recorded events in the event buffer of a keyboard
queue in the return argument ‘nremaining’.

By default, the event buffer of the default keyboard queue is checked,
but you can specify ‘deviceIndex’ to check the buffer of the queue
associated with ‘deviceIndex’.

KbEventGet() will wait up to ‘maxWaitTimeSecs’ seconds for at least one
event to show up before it gives up. By default, it doesn’t wait but just
gives up if there aren’t any events queued at time of invocation.

‘event’ is either empty if there aren’t any events available, or it is a
struct with information about the keyboard event. The returned event
struct currently contains the following fields:

‘Keycode’ = The KbCheck / KbName style keycode of the key or button that
triggered this event.

‘Time’ = The GetSecs time of when the event was received.

‘Pressed’ = 1 for a key press event, 0 for a key release event.

‘CookedKey’ = Keycode translated into a GetChar() style Unicode character code.
Or zero if key does not have a corresponding character. Or -1 if mapping
is unsupported for given event.

A note on international keyboards: Non US keyboards with a different layout,
e.g., german keyboards, may have keys that do not exist on US keyboards, e.g.,
german umlauts like ö, ä, ü, ß. How such non-ASCII characters are translated
into proper ‘CookedKey’ key codes is dependent on the language locale setup of
your operating system for the keyboard. There is some potential for confusion
there and it could happen that if Psychtoolbox misdetects the chosen keyboard
layout, it will return such keys with the wrong character code. E.g., the ö key
of a german keyboard may map to a ; key if german layout is misdetected as US
layout. If this happens, try to select the proper keyboard layout in the GUI
setup tools of your operating system, “clear all” and then retry. On Linux/X11
it has been observed that this settings selected via GUI tools is not always
respected, e.g., on the KDE and GNOME desktop environment. In this case, use
of the terminal command line tool “setxkbmap” managed to enforce use of the
correct keyboard layout for key -> char translation. E.g., “setxkbmap -layout de”
to select a german keyboard layout. Obviously you could call
system(‘setxkbmap -layout de’); from within your script to achieve this effect.

Psychtoolbox will return mapped keys in ‘CookedKey’ as double() values, encoding
Unicode character codes in the UTF-16 (on MS-Windows) or UTF-32 (Linux, macOS)
encoding and code range. This currently works splendidly with Matlab, but current
versions of GNU/Octave (as of version 5.1) are not really unicode capable and can
only deal with UTF-8 encoded strings in a limited fashion. This means that if you
use Octave, you can receive proper ‘CookedKey’ UTF-32 unicode characters from
international keyboards, you can manipulate the double() values in your script,
but Octave’s string processing functions, or even printing such characters to
the Octave command window via disp() or fprintf() will likely give wrong behaviour.
This is a design limitation of current Octave, so you will have to work around it.

Keyboard event buffers are a different way to access the information
collected by keyboard queues. Before you can use an event buffer you
always must create its “parent keyboard queue” via KbQueueCreate() and
call KbQueueStart() to enable key event recording. See “help
KbQueueCreate” etc. on how to do this.


See also: KbQueueCreate, KbQueueStart, KbQueueStop, KbQueueCheck,
KbQueueWait, KbQueueFlush, KbQueueRelease

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